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Use this GFR calculator to estimate glomerular filtration rate using the CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) formula.
About this GFR calculator
The CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) equation was developed in an effort to create a formula more precise than the MDRD formula, especially when actual GFR is > 60 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Researchers pooled data from multiple studies to develop and validate this new equation. They randomly divided 10 studies which included 8,254 participants, into separate data sets for development and internal validation. 16 additional studies, which included 3,896 participants, were used for external validation. The CKD-EPI equation performed better than the MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study) equation, especially at higher GFR, with less bias and greater accuracy. When looking at NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) data, the median estimated GFR was 94.5 mL/min per 1.73 m2 vs. 85.0 mL/min per 1.73 m2, and the prevalence of chronic kidney disease was 11.5% versus 13.1%. The CKD-EPI equation, expressed as a single equation, is:
GFR = 141 X min(Scr/κ,1)α X max(Scr/κ,1)-1.209 X 0.993Age X 1.018 [if female] X 1.159 [if black]
Where Scr is serum creatinine (mg/dL), κ is 0.7 for females and 0.9 for males, α is –0.329 for females and –0.411 for males, min indicates the minimum of Scr/κ or 1, and max indicates the maximum of Scr/κ or 1.
Levey AS, Stevens LA, Schmid CH, Zhang YL, Castro AF 3rd, Feldman HI, Kusek JW, Eggers P, Van Lente F, Greene T, Coresh J; CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration). A New Equation to Estimate Glomerular Filtration Rate. Ann Intern Med 150(9):604-12. (2009)
Stevens LA et al. Comparative Performance of the CKD Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study Equations for Estimating GFR Levels Above 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. AJKD 56(3):486-495.
QxMD Nephrology contributing author: Daniel Schwartz, MD, FRCP(C)